Here is a basic 5 Step process for installing a fence:
Step 1: Determine Spacing for Fence Posts
Typically, fence posts are spaced about eight feet apart. The corner posts are always set first. Then, stretch a line from each corner post to work as your guide. Mark the exact position where you’d like each post hole dug.
Step 2: Prepare Holes and Posts
When setting the fence posts, make sure about 2 feet of each post is buried in the ground. This helps the posts endure heavy weight and high winds.
Step 3: Set Posts
Place two to three shovel scoops of gravel at the bottom of each post hole before placing the post into position. Use a level to make sure the post is plumb. After the posts are properly aligned, brace each post with stakes.
Step 4: Attach Rails to Fence Posts
Install a bottom and top rail to attach to the fence posts. A “butt joint” is a basic wood joint where the ends of the rails are aligned, placed together and then secured. Be sure to measure that the top and bottom rails are perfectly aligned.
Step 5: Install Fence Boards
Use a plumb level to ensure the board is vertical and nail it into place. At another fence post corner, fix another board into place. Place a string line to the top of both boards. Place another board against the first board. Nail it into place and repeat this action until all boards are installed.